The following items pertain to urinary tract infection (UTI), the intact male body, and circumcision.
How the Foreskin Protects Against UTI: http://www.drmomma.org/2009/12/how-foreskin-protects-against-uti.html
Exclusive Breastfeeding Protects Against UTI: http://www.drmomma.org/2009/12/exclusive-breastfeeding-protects.html
Urinary Tract Infections Higher Among Circumcised Men in Australia: http://www.drmomma.org/2009/12/urinary-tract-infections-higher-among.html
Circumcision Increases UTIs Among Boys in Israel: http://www.drmomma.org/2009/12/circumcision-increases-urinary-tract.html
CIRP info and studies on UTIs: http://www.cirp.org/library/disease/UTI/
Circumcision Information Australia: UTIs: http://www.circinfo.org/utis.html
Circumstitions info on UTIs: http://www.circumstitions.com/Utis.html
AAP on circumcision and UTI: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1477524/
A Cohort Study on Male Neonatal Circumcision and the Subsequent Risk of Urinary Tract Infection http://www.cirp.org/library/disease/UTI/to/
This Pediatrics article (Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics) touches upon circumcision and UTI: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/131/4/796.full
Forced retraction resources (retraction of the prepuce by anyone other than a boy himself increases likelihood of problems, including UTI): http://www.drmomma.org/2009/06/how-to-care-for-intact-penis-protect.html
Urine Sampling and Catheter Insertion for the Intact Boy: http://www.drmomma.org/2011/12/urine-samples-and-catheter-insertion.html
Using a Catheter Without Retraction: My Nurse Did It and So Can Yours! http://www.savingsons.org/2013/01/using-catheter-without-retraction-my.html
Catheterization Without Retraction: http://www.drmomma.org/2017/03/catheterization-without-retraction.html
The Urinary Excretory System (how the urinary tract and related system works): https://scribeschool.net/urinary-excretory-system-info-for-scribes.html
Harper, M. and Fowlis, G. (2007) Management of Urinary Tract Infections in Men. Trends in Urology, Gynecology and Sexual Health, 12, 30-35.
Circumcision for the prevention of urinary tract infection in boys: a systematic review of randomised trials and observational studies: https://adc.bmj.com/content/90/8/853
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections Management in Women: A Review. Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J. 2013 Aug; 13(3): 359–367.
Incidence rate of first‐time symptomatic urinary tract infection in children under 6 years of age.
metanalysis of studies comparing UTI in intact vs. cut boys and men: no studies consider the hazards of retraction by adults that may often be taking place with intact babies and children
Thread on FOX News Report/UTIs: http://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/340295406047477
Recurring UTIs question at SOS: https://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/1159091854109934
Nurse's UTI question at SOS: https://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/827398113945978
Related SOS thread: https://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/434928126526314
Parent's question on circumcision suggested for UTI: http://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/523220774363715
College student's question on UTI resources for professor: https://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/886125198073269
Reflux question from parent: https://www.facebook.com/SavingOurSons/posts/959989364020185
UTIs in Dogs (analogy) - http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=465452683473858&set=a.324857987533329.82696.166998263319303
UTIs Among Women (meme) - https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=479192492099877&set=a.324857987533329.82696.166998263319303
Note that for a UTI to occur, colonization of a pathogen must first take place. Pathogens that lead to UTIs are most often from fecal matter transmitted to this area of the body during diaper wearing, and/or when a care-giver is attempting to 'clean' a baby's genitals. The best way to prevent colonization from becoming reality in intact male babies and children is to practice proper intact care: that is, leave the foreskin alone. Allow this purposeful organ of the body to do its job: protect the glans and urethral opening and keep pathogens out. Do not retract, mess with, or attempt to 'clean' a baby boy's prepuce (foreskin). Further reading on intact care: http://www.drmomma.org/2009/06/how-to-care-for-intact-penis-protect.html